Period ( 4,000 BC to 2,500 BC)
Cul a Bhaile - how the round house, or 'hut circle' may have looked.
Evidence of Neolithic agriculture has been found at Cul a Bhaile, with considerable evidence of plants such as wheat and barley being used. While there has been some speculation that Neolithic peoples may have cleared trees on Jura to carry out agriculture, its has not been proven and seems unlikely in the light of what is currently known about the climate during that period on Jura, i.e. warmer and drier. Artefacts found at Cul a Bhaile and Ardfernal are resident in the National Museums of Scotland.
Age (2,500 BC to 700 BC)
The Bronze Age in Scotland, like that of Ancient Greece, was a heroic age and it is probable that some of the legendary figures and myths now associated with figures such as Fingal and the Fingalian warriors or the Danaans, may be based on actual peoples and events from this period. The physical evidence on the Isle of Jura occurs in the form of features such as cairns and standing stones or the occasional hut circle. Cup marked stones may also be found as far north as An Carn and as close as Craighouse.
In the Mesolithic period the
dead were buried in communal sites, known as
barrows , yet during the Bronze Age the custom began to change.
The normal procedure became the creation of cists, a form of stone
vault in the ground, and often topped by cairns, though not always.
These have been discovered at odd-times throughout Jura's history,
ranging from the Sannaig forest
to Ardfin, and north at Lagg, as examples.
Standing stones are quite
numerous on Jura, based on the current estimates of the population of
the island during this period. There has been much speculation over the
use of these free-standing monuments, ranging from the idea that they
are religious in nature to their possible use as markers for the stars
ascension during the times of the year when agricultural planting
Camus an Staca is the
most well-known of the standing stones on Jura, but they are also
present at Loch a Mile,
Ardfarnal and Tarbert Bay. More
on the Bronze Age?
(700 BC to 500 AD)
The Iron Age on Jura is remarkable for the number of forts and duns that are present and which were presumably built to defend communities or large families. While the neighbouring Isle of Islay has several well-known duns, such as Dun Nosebridge (or more correctly, Dun Guadhire, just outside Ballygrant), the Isle of Jura has quite a few as well.
While it is commonly thought
that duns on Jura are only along its southeast coast, in actuality duns
occur along the entire eastern coastline with the northernmost
confirmed one being at Lealt, with
others, in descending order, near Gatehouse, Ardfarnal, Crackaig, Cabrach and Ardfin. The most well known
dun is aptly named An Dunan,
which is located only a few hundred metres from Lighthouses above
Lowland's Bay.. More
on the Iron Age?